Cerebral venous congestion exacerbates cerebral microhemorrhages in mice

3 weeks ago
Adam Nyul-Toth
Cerebral microhemorrhages (CMHs; microbleeds), which are small focal intracerebral hemorrhages, importantly contribute to the pathogenesis of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. Although recently it has been increasingly recognized that the venous side of the cerebral circulation likely plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of cerebrovascular and brain disorders, its role in the pathogenesis of CMHs has never been studied. The present study was designed to...

Quality of Nutrition Environments, Menus and Foods Served, and Food Program Achievement in Oklahoma Family Child Care Homes

4 weeks 2 days ago
Bethany D Williams
Child care environments foster children's healthy eating habits by providing exposure to healthy foods and feeding practices. We assessed the healthfulness of nutrition environments, menu/meal quality, and the achievement of Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) guidelines and best practices in Oklahoma CACFP-enrolled family child care homes (FCCHs) (n = 51). Two-day classroom observations were conducted. Healthfulness of classroom nutrition environments was assessed using the Environment...

Antecedent Metabolic Health and Metformin (ANTHEM) Aging study: Rationale and study design for a randomized controlled trial

1 month 3 weeks ago
Santosh Kumari
The antidiabetic medication metformin has been proposed to be the first drug tested to target aging and extend healthspan in humans. While there is extensive epidemiological support for the health benefits of metformin in patient populations, it is not clear if these protective effects apply to those free of age-related disease. Our previous data in older adults without diabetes suggest a dichotomous change in insulin sensitivity and skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptations after metformin...

Dietary Strawberries Improve Biomarkers of Antioxidant Status and Endothelial Function in Adults with Cardiometabolic Risks in a Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial

2 months ago
Arpita Basu
Strawberries, a popularly consumed berry fruit, are rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant effects. In this study, we examined the effects of two dietary achievable doses of strawberries on the antioxidant status and biomarkers of endothelial function in adults with features of metabolic syndrome and a confirmed low baseline of fruit and vegetable intake. In a 14-week randomized controlled crossover study, participants were assigned to one of three groups for four weeks separated by a...

The intersection of COVID-19 and autoimmunity

2 months 4 weeks ago
Jason S Knight
Acute COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is characterized by diverse clinical presentations, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fatal respiratory failure, and often associated with varied longer-term sequelae. Over the past 18 months, it has become apparent that inappropriate immune responses contribute to the pathogenesis of severe COVID-19. Researchers working at the intersection of COVID-19 and autoimmunity recently gathered at an American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association Noel R. Rose...

Sleep deprivation impairs cognitive performance, alters task-associated cerebral blood flow and decreases cortical neurovascular coupling-related hemodynamic responses

3 months ago
Tamas Csipo
Sleep deprivation (SD) is a common condition and an important health concern. In addition to metabolic and cardiovascular risks, SD associates with decreases in cognitive performance. Neurovascular coupling (NVC, "functional hyperemia") is a critical homeostatic mechanism, which maintains adequate blood supply to the brain during periods of intensive neuronal activity. To determine whether SD alters NVC responses and cognitive performance, cognitive and hemodynamic NVC assessments were conducted...

Urinary Proteomics of Simulated Firefighting Tasks and Its Relation to Fitness Parameters

3 months ago
Ting Zhu
Firefighting rescues are high-hazard activities accompanied by uncertainty, urgency, and complexity. Knowledge of the metabolic characteristics during firefighting rescues is of great value. The purpose of this study was to explore the firefighting-induced physiological responses in greater depth. The urine samples of ten firefighters were collected before and after the simulated firefighting, and the proteins in urine samples were identified by the liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Blood...

Family Child Care Providers' Nutrition Practices and Policies: Happy Healthy Homes

3 months 2 weeks ago
Sarah M Patel
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Provider nutrition knowledge and confidence appear to be suitable targets to improve nutrition practices. Further research can evaluate possible influences on the presence and quality of family child care home written nutrition policies and specific nutrition policy topics associated with healthier nutrition practices.

Sex and organ-specific risk of major adverse renal or cardiac events in solid organ transplant recipients with COVID-19

3 months 2 weeks ago
Amanda J Vinson
While older males are at the highest risk for poor coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes, it is not known if this applies to the immunosuppressed recipient of a solid organ transplant (SOT), nor how the type of allograft transplanted may impact outcomes. In a cohort study of adult (>18 years) patients testing positive for COVID-19 (January 1, 2020-June 21, 2021) from 56 sites across the United States identified using the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) Enclave, we used...
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u54gm104938 OR gm104938: Latest results from PubMed